Want to know how many people are in encore careers? Interested in emerging encores in health care, education or the green economy? Or, maybe you’re just looking for some basic advice on how to get started.

From in-depth research reports to consumer-focused materials, here you’ll find all of the encore publications from Encore.org, formerly Civic Ventures. (To read the reports, you will need Adobe Reader. Download it for free here.)

Research and Policy
Encore Surveys
Encore Demand
Health Care
Green Economy
Multigenerational Workforce
Purpose Prize Winners
Encore Fellowships
Life Planning
Books by Marc Freedman
The Next Chapter
About Encore Careers



Encore Careers: The Persistence of Purpose - Encore.org's 2014 research into those for whom Encore Careers are at the center of how they see the years after midlife shows the trend is alive, well and beginning to rebound from the economic downturn.

Bridging the Gap: Making it Easier to Finance Encore Transitions – Millions of people face difficulties in making the transition from their earlier work to their encore careers, according to new research from MetLife Foundation and Encore.org. New approaches and tools, though, can help people finance the transitions to their encore careers, resulting in a win for both individuals and society.

Encore Career Choices: Purpose, Passion and a Paycheck in a Tough Economy – As many as 9 million people ages 44 to 70 are in encore careers – and 31 million more are interested in joining them, according to new survey research from MetLife Foundation and Encore.org. Despite the current economy, the survey shows an eagerness to add to their list of job benefits personal meaning and a connection to something larger than themselves.

Encore Entrepreneurs: Creating Jobs, Meeting Needs – New research released by Encore.org and funded by MetLife Foundation shows that in a tough employment market, millions of Americans in their 40s, 50s and 60s are interested in creating jobs for themselves and others.

Encore Career Survey – The results of this 2008 survey, sponsored by MetLife Foundation and Encore.org and conducted by Peter D. Hart Research Associates, found that between 5.3 million and 8.4 million Americans ages 44 to 70, up to 9.5 percent of people in that age group, are already in encore careers.

New Face of Work Survey – The results of this 2005 survey, sponsored by MetLife Foundation and Encore.org and conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates International, show that people in their 50s and 60s want to do work that helps others. These individuals want careers that are about people, purpose and community.

The New Face of Retirement – The findings of this 2002 survey, conducted by Peter D. Hart Research Associates, show that 9/11 appeared to have a galvanizing effect on the retirement plans of Americans ages 50 to 75. Forty percent of people in that age group reported feeling more likely to volunteer as a result of the terrorist attacks.

  • Summary 
  • Report (PDF
  • Questionnaire and tabulated data (PDF)


After the Recovery: Help Needed; The Coming Labor Shortage and How People in Encore Careers Can Help Solve It – As surprising as it sounds, new research from MetLife Foundation and Encore.org projects there will be more jobs than people to fill them by 2018. This report asserts that engaging workers over 55 in encore careers will be vital to meeting workforce shortages and critical social needs.


A New Equation: How Encore Careers in Math and Science Education Equal More Success for Students – This paper explores how programs that are creating encore roles, for both retired teachers and professionals with science backgrounds, contribute to students’ understanding of math and science.

Beyond the Classroom: Engaging Boomers in Encore Careers That Help Students Succeed – This report highlights organizations that are using boomers’ professional expertise and life experience to help deliver more and better services to young people, such as college application help and tutoring.

How Boomers Can Contribute to Student Success: Emerging Encore Opportunities in K-12 Education – The National Commission on Teaching and America’s Future identifies emerging jobs, including teacher coaches and content advisers, that represent promising opportunities to encore workers.

Pathways to Encore Careers: How 10 Community Colleges Are Preparing Boomers for Work in Education, Health Care and Social Services – This report profiles colleges across the country – winners of Community College Encore Career Grants sponsored by MetLife Foundation and Encore.org – that offer boomers innovative career transition courses, supportive student services and job placement. More >

Troops to Teachers: A Model Pathway to a Second Tour of Duty – This federal program helps experienced military veterans become teachers and role models in challenged schools. More >


How Boomers Can Help Improve Health Care: Emerging Encore Career Opportunities in Health Care – Partners in Care Foundation identifies six emerging jobs for experienced workers that have the potential to improve health outcomes, such as community health workers and chronic illness coaches.


In How Boomers Can Help the Nation Go Green, the Council for Adult and Experiential Learning reveals how the green economy must tap existing talent to grow quickly and suggests that certain emerging jobs offer promising opportunities to experienced workers.


Three reports from the Building Movement Project, co-authored by Encore.org vice president Phyllis Segal, explore transitions to encore careers by nonprofit leaders.


Building an Experience Dividend: State Governments Lead the Call to Engage Boomers – Several states, including Arizona, California, Maryland, New York and Massachusetts, are taking the lead in seeing the social potential of boomers.

Are You Experienced? How Boomers Can Help Our Government Meet Its Talent Needs – As millions of boomers retire, the federal government will be especially hard hit. One solution: Look toward other retiring boomers.


An Encore for Nonprofit Leaders: Making the World a Better Place, Continued – What lies ahead for nonprofit leaders as they approach traditional retirement age and contemplate leaving their jobs? What kinds of encore careers are open to them? Former nonprofit leaders explain how they arrived at their encores, including work as interim nonprofit executive directors and consultants to nonprofits.

Rewards at Work: Inspiring Productive Employees Across Career Stages – While some nonprofits might not be able to afford higher salaries, they can find ways (some relatively easy) to make up for the difference in pay and enhance overall compensation. In choosing what kinds of rewards to offer, a nonprofit must consider the multigenerational makeup of the workforce it needs to achieve its mission.

Crossing Generations: Retooling Nonprofit Organizations – This report explores topics discussed at a 2009 meeting of nonprofit leaders convened by Encore.org and the Building Movement Project, and made possible by MetLife Foundation. The participants explored strategies to attract and retain a multigenerational workforce.


Boomers and National Service: Learning From the Success of Youth Service – The grassroots youth service movement of the 1980s, recognized by a federal commission on national service, offers lessons for a commission focused on service by boomers.

Recasting Retirement: New Perspectives on Aging and Civic Engagement – If we can motivate experienced Americans to apply a portion of their newfound time and accumulated experience toward public service, the result would be a windfall for American civic life.


Check out these booklets profiling Purpose Prize winners from each year.

2011 winners PDF
2010 winners PDF
2009 winners PDF
2008 winners PDF
2007 winners PDF
2006 winners PDF


The Silicon Valley Encore Fellows pilot program, which tested an innovative way for experienced employees to transition from corporate to nonprofit careers, received top marks in an independent evaluation.


Get Started Guide (Looking for an Encore Career? The Guide to Finding Work That Matters) – Hailed as “essential reading” by The Wall Street Journal, the Get Started Guide offers expert advice, tips and success stories about how to pursue encore careers in education, health care, government and the environment.

Life Planning for the 3rd Age: A Design and Resource Guide – Life planning in the second half of life is about individual renewal, about discovering passion and purpose. This booklet calls for reflection and action to channel that passion and purpose.


The Encore Opportunity Awards of 2009: Tapping the Passion and Experience of Workers over 50 – This report tells the stories of the winners of the 2009 Encore Opportunity Award (formerly the BreakThrough Award), which honors organizations making it easier for experienced workers to transition into encore careers.

2007 BreakThrough Award: Showcasing Organizations That Tap the Passion and Experience of People Over 50 to Improve Society – This report profiles the winners of the 2007 BreakThrough Award, sponsored by MetLife Foundation and Encore.org, which recognizes nonprofit and public sector organizations providing meaningful public interest jobs for people over 50. (In 2009, the award became known as the Encore Opportunity Awards.)

Boomers Are Ready for Nonprofits, But Are Nonprofits Ready for Them? – This Conference Board report, sponsored by Encore.org, focuses on the impact boomer retirements will have on the stability, growth and potential of the nonprofit sector. Nonprofits that understand the needs and value of experienced employees will be more successful in tapping into this talent source.



Blueprint for The Next Chapter – This 2005 booklet details The Next Chapter™ initiative, which Civic Ventures created to help communities establish places and programs that provide experienced adults with direction and connection.

  • Booklet (PDF)
  • Supplement (PDF)


Then ; Now – Read the inspirational stories of nine people in their encore careers, including a former auto worker studying to become a nurse and an engineer who became a teacher.